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Posted May 14, Reviewed by Matt Huston. Nonetheless, masculinized versions of male face images versions in which male sex -typical traits are exaggerated are at least reliably perceived to look physically stronger and fitter than feminized versions. Similarly, feminized versions of male face images versions in which male sex-typical traits are reduced are reliably perceived to look more trustworthy and cooperative than masculinized versions.
On one hand, they could choose a masculine-faced, strong, and healthy partner. On the other hand, they could choose a feminine-faced, caring, sharing i. Ian Penton-Voak and colleagues conducted one of the first studies to look at this issue, comparing the facial masculinity preferences of women living in the UK with those of women living in rural Jamaica. They found that Jamaican women showed stronger preferences for masculine men than did UK women. To explain this cultural difference in masculinity preferences, they noted that the risk of contracting a serious illness was greater in rural Jamaica than Do women like masculine men the UK, and that long-term pair bonds between men and women were less common in rural Jamaica than in the UK.
They speculated that these two factors could cause Jamaican women to place greater importance on the strength and health of masculine men and less importance on the prosociality of feminine men than do UK women. Following in this vein of research, Lisa DeBruine and colleagues tested whether women living in countries where people are more likely to die because of infectious illnesses showed stronger preferences for masculine-faced men.
They found some evidence to support this hypothesis from an online study of more than 4, women in Do women like masculine men countries. They suggested women in countries with a higher threat of violence may show stronger preferences for masculine men because masculine men afford their partner greater physical protection and are better able to aggressively compete for resources. So far, so muddled Instead, they found that women in more modern, industrialized countries showed stronger preferences for masculine-faced men.
They suggested that this pattern of indicated that masculinity preferences were evolutionary novel and simply a consequence of women in more industrialized countries encountering many more faces in their daily lives than do women in less industrialized societies.
The most recent study, by Ula Marcinkowska and colleaguesfound that women in countries with higher offspring survival rates and better economic conditions preferred more masculine-faced men. So, what on earth is going on with these ? Indeed, Marcinkowska and colleagues found that masculinity preferences were stronger in countries where women were more open to short-term relationships—an argument similar to the one Penton-Voak and colleagues made 15 years ly!
The disparate, often confusing of these studies highlight the pitfalls inherent in using correlational des to explore the highly intercorrelated factors that might underpin cultural differences in mate preferences. Experimental methods in which cues to environmental factors such as violence and disease can be systematically varied are clearly the solution to this problem, right? Although you might think so, two experiments that attempted to do precisely that also produced contrasting. One experiment found that viewing images of sources of infectious disease increased masculinity preferences, but another experiment did not replicate this effect.
Brooks, R. National income inequality predicts women's preferences for masculinized faces better than health does. DeBruine, L. The health of a nation predicts their mate preferences: cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for masculinized male faces. Jones, B. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Little, A. Exposure to visual cues of pathogen contagion changes preferences for masculinity and Do women like masculine men in opposite-sex faces.
Li, Y. PloS one, 9 10e Scott, I. Behavioral Ecology, 24 3 Human preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 40 Marcinkowska, U. Scientific reports, 9 1 Penton-Voak, I. Populational differences in attractiveness judgements of male and female faces: Comparing British and Jamaican samples. Evolution and Human Behavior, 25 6 Benedict Jones, Ph.
His research investigates how people respond to facial cues. Benedict Jones Ph. Face Facts.
References Brooks, R. About the Author. Online: facelab. Read Next. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. Personality Passive Aggression Personality Shyness. Family Life Child Development Parenting. View Help Index. Do I Need Help? Back Magazine. July Who Is the True You? Back Today. Essential Re.Do women like masculine men
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